Seminarierna arrangeras av CEIFO och Migrationsklustret vid Socialantropologiska institutionen.

January

January 13, 14.00–16.00, B600 NB different time!
Charles Westin, Professor emeritus, Department of Social Anthropology, Stockholm University

Antiziganism i statlig tjänst – Socialstyrelsens behandling av romer och resande under 1900-talet

Rapporten (Antiziganism i statlig tjänst – Socialstyrelsens behandling av romer och resande under 1900-talet av Niklas Westin, statsvetare, Simon Wallengren, sakkunnig, Kati Dimiter-Taikon, sakkunnig, och Charles Westin, professor emeritus vid Stockholms universitet) består av tolv kapitel. Kapitlen som ligger mellan inledningen och avslutningen behandlar ett särskilt tema, tidsperiod eller område, där vi har samlat information och beskrivit Socialstyrelsens roll eller agerande. En central punkt är att det aktuella verksamhetsområdet har legat under Socialstyrelsens ansvar, eller att Socialstyrelsen har varit överordnad tillsynsmyndighet även om verkställighet har legat på andra myndigheter. I var sitt kapitel skriver Kati Dimiter-Taikon (kapitel 11) och Simon Wallengren (kapitel 6) om romers respektive resandes erfarenheter av antiziganism.

Det finns en tidsaspekt. För det första har Socialstyrelsens ansvarsområden ändrats över årens lopp. För det andra har behandlingsmetoder, vårdideologier och vetenskapliga förklaringsmodeller, som varit gångbara under en period, förkastats eller fasats ut under senare tider. Vissa praktiker eller ”lösningar” i det sociala arbetet, som ansågs ligga i samhällets bästa och betraktades av sin samtid som humanitära, förkastades av senare generationer som fäste större vikt vid individens bästa. Även om vårt mål har varit att täcka hela 1900-talet ligger en tyngdpunkt i rapporten i beskrivningen av förhållanden under 1900-talets första del. Det är kanske inte så konstigt med tanke på att de värsta formerna av statligt ingripande i enskilda personers liv gjordes då. En annan tyngdpunkt ligger dock i nutid genom intervjuerna med nu levande personer. I sina berättelser relaterar intervjupersonerna till erfarenheter från ett helt liv som de gjort som barn och unga och de för fram berättelsen till situationen idag.

Kommentatorer:

  • Angelina Dimiter-Taikon, förstelärare och fil. mag. i pedagogik.
  • Christina Rodell Olgac, docent i pedagogik, har ett lektorat med inriktning mot romsk lärarutbildning, Södertörns högskola och har fått ett regeringsuppdrag att utveckla en ämneslärarutbildning med inriktning mot romani chib.

En översikt av boken finns att läsa här:  Antiziganism i statlig tjänst – kapitelöversikt (183 Kb)
Bokens avslutande kapitel finns att läsa här:  Antiziganism i statlig tjänst - bokslut (kapitel 12) (288 Kb)

Hela rapporten finns att ladda ner på Socialstyrelsens hemsida:
http://www.socialstyrelsen.se/publikationer2014/2014-6-2

Seminariet kommer att hållas på svenska.

 

January 27, 13.00–15.00, B600
Annie Woube, PhD, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology, Uppsala university

Finding One’s Place. An Ethnological Study of Belonging among Swedish Migrants on the Costa del Sol in Spain

Drawing on the doctoral thesis, Finding One’s Place, this presentation will show how belonging is created transnationally among Swedish migrants living on a permanent basis on the Costa del Sol in Spain. The migrants are part of a migration phenomenon, conceptualized as lifestyle migration, often with an aim to increase one’s quality of life in destinations of tourism. The presentation will have a focus on transnational and diasporic practices that is being articulated in migration stories, used in relation to material objects, and acted upon in the everyday life. I will show how the process of creating belonging is marked by simultaneously expressing attachments and affiliations to several localities and contexts across territorial borders, is shaped by past and recurrent travels and communication, and is connected to the Swedish diasporic collective on the Costa del Sol.

February

February 10, 13.00–15.00, B600
Layal Wiltgren, PhD, Tema Barn, Linköping University

Young people creating ethnicities

Based on a yearlong fieldwork in a junior high school on the outskirts of Stockholm, this study examines how young people interact and express ethnicity, nationality and multilingualism in everyday interactions. The study focuses on young people with the experience of migration, either themselves or within their families, and how they creatively express, and thereby create, ethnicity in their everyday lives. The focus is on the students’ own actions and their discussions surrounding ethnicities and how ethnic categories are filled with meanings. The analyses are based on participant observations and field notes, as well as more than 300 hours of audio recordings and transcriptions. The analyses highlight how young people use multilingualism and ethnical categories as resources and how they use laughter, humor, teasing interaction and self-irony to both challenge and strengthen each other as well as to establish and manifest communities. Local categorizations such as "Svenne" and "Import" are used to define both their peers and the Other. Swedishness is a prevalent norm, but it is open to positioning and negotiation. One of the social rules among the students concerns being proud of your background – pride that can be expressed both verbally and visually – for example, by wearing ethnic and national symbols to highlight belonging. Ethnic categories in the students’ social interactions are not rigid. Rather they are fluid and changeable, something that Stuart Hall refers to as new ethnicities, which are locally created and related to diversity. The analyses show that ethnicity, like other categories of identity, is not a thing that people are born with, but rather something that is staged and used as a resource in everyday social interaction. This study highlights how these categories are accomplished in action.

Layal Wiltgren successfully defended her thesis "STOLT: Om ungdomar, etniciteter och gemenskaper" (PROUD: On Youth, Ethnicities and Communities) in 2014. Wiltgren's scientific background lies in psychology and social anthropology and she defended her thesis at the cross-disciplinary Institution for Tema at Linköping University. Her thesis received the Faculty of Arts and Sciences prize for outstanding thesis. Wiltgren's primary research interests concern the processes of identity creation amongst youths, the creation and reproduction of norms and deviations, and interactions in everyday contexts.

  • Wiltgren, Layal Kasselias. 2014. STOLT!: Om ungdomar, etniciteter och gemenskaper. Linköping Studies in Arts and Science; 622 (Diss)
  • Wiltgren, Layal Kasselias. 2014. Youth using national symbols in constructing identities. Journal of Youth Studies 17, (3): 308-323.
  • Wiltgren, Layal Kasselias. 2014. Import: Ungdomar skapar etniska kategoriseringar. Barn: Forskning om barn och barndom i Norden (4): 31-46
  • Wiltgren, Layal Kasselias. 2013. Flerspråkighet som tillgång. I Maren Bak, Kerstin von Brömssen (red.) Barndom & migration. Umeå: Boréa.
  • Wiltgren, Layal Kasselias. 2012. STOLT!: Regeln om att försvara sin bakgrund. Locus 24, (4): 76-88.

 

February 17, 13.00–15.00, B600
Charles Woolfson, Professor of Labour Studies, REMESO, Linköping University

Austerity as ‘the new normal’: myths, migration and contradictions – lessons from Europe’s periphery

Austerity is the ‘new normal’. Among these costs are significant increases in poverty, growing social, political and industrial ‘disenfranchisement’, labour market segmentation, as well as unprecedented and continuing emigration of a new austeriat. The paper offers a cautionary message to austerity governments seeking to restore economic growth and pursue fiscal rectitude at the expense of labour in the aftermath of the global financial crisis.

Drawing on the experience of the imposition of radical austerity measures in the Baltic states, so-called ‘internal devaluation, the paper challenges the myth that austerity can be achieved with popular consent, and in a socially and economically ‘costless’ manner. Baltic-style austerity has now become a template for the international financial community, for the European Commission and more widely. The paper argues that, contra the myth of ‘success’, austerity is compromising the longer-run sustainability of societies which follow this path whilst simultaneously undermining prospects for European integration and the wider transference of a European Social Model.

Charles Woolfson is Professor of labour studies, Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society (REMESO), Linköping University, Sweden. Between 1999 and 2009 he was resident in the Baltic states, and was for three years (2004-2007) a European Commission ‘Marie Curie Chair’ at the Univesity of Latvia. Together with Jeffrey Sommers, he is co-editor of The Contradictions of Austerity: The Socio-Economic Costs of the Neoliberal Baltic Model. London and New York: Routledge, 2014.

March

March 3, 13.00–15.00, B600
Tekalign Ayalew, PhD student, Department of Social Anthropology, Stockholm University

‘Making’ Movement Across Closed Borders: Ethio-Eritreans Transnational Migration to Sweden

Recently Sweden has become one of major destinations for various types of Ethiopian and Eritrean migrants. However, in the face of ever increasing interest for international migration in origin and stricter border/immigration controls in EU/Sweden current migratory flows from Ethiopia and Eritrea to Sweden is forced to be mostly ‘irregular’ in nature. In this presentation I will explore about the contemporary Ethiopians and Eritreans immigration process to Sweden and how it is the result of an entanglement of social and smuggling networks. Hence I will argue that this migration is organized not just by ‘criminal networks’ of smugglers but also by former migrants in diaspora. I will in the presentation demonstrate how this is organized en route through the psychological ‘pulling’ of people (inducement by diasporic remittances) and practical guiding of prospective migrants; by providing information and paying for their journey. I will also briefly talk about the role of key transition localities and routes that link Horn of Africa and the Scandinavia in this migration process. The point of departure is migrants’ experiences during journeys and factors shaped their choices of particular migration strategies. Substantial amount of time will also be devoted to discuss the challenges of doing multi-sited fieldwork in this kind of settings (Sweden, Ethiopia, Sudan) and how, finally, some of the key issues of my work was generated.

 

March 17, 13.00–15.00, B600
Špela Drnovšek Zorko, PhD candidate, Department of Anthropology and Sociology, and Marie Curie Early Stage Researcher in the Initial Training Network CoHaB, Centre for Migration and Diaspora Studies, SOAS

The afterlife of ‘Yugoslavia’? On diasporic narratives and an intergenerational politics of significance

In my research I investigate how migrants from former Yugoslavia in Britain shape intergenerational investments by constructing imaginaries of past and present ‘homes’. I further locate such imaginations within the context of British trajectories of migration and discourses on belonging, in order to explore how spatiotemporalities come to be narrated relationally. Based on recent fieldwork conducted in London, this paper introduces the role that the idea of Yugoslavia has played within my research. What expectations might arise around the story of a past often deemed irrelevant? In what contexts does ‘Yugoslavia’ become meaningful, even if by its absence, and what are the aspects of experience and historically precarious identifications it illuminates? Drawing on ethnographic encounters, I ask how migrants’ references to a multiply narrated past function as sites of both belonging and critique in the present – and how, in the context of life in Britain, such narratives might implicate an intergenerational politics of significance.

Špela Drnovšek Zorko is a PhD candidate at the department of Anthropology and Sociology and a Marie Curie Early Stage Researcher in the Initial Training Network ‘Diasporic Constructions of Home and Belonging’ (CoHaB) at the Centre for Migration and Diaspora Studies at SOAS, University of London. Her doctoral research deals with mediated memories and intergenerational narratives among migrants from the former Yugoslavia in the United Kingdom.
 

March 31, 13.00–15.00, B600
Erik Olsson, Professor, Department of Social Anthropology, Stockholm University

Guiden till Spaniensverige: Föreningsverksamhet, social mobilisering och diaspora bland svenskar i södra Spanien

I seminariet presenteras en empirisk studie av hur svenska medborgare i södra Spanien – ”Spaniensvenskarna” – mobiliseras som en diasporisk gemenskap. Migrationen från Sverige till södra Spanien (och vice versa) har pågått i över 50 år och har resulterat i att tiotusentals svenska medborgare, men också hundratusentals andra inflyttade européer, bor eller säsongsbor i dessa delar av Spanien. I och med att de allra flesta av dem har en god ekonomi och oftast har möjligheten att flytta tillbaka till Sverige rör det sig om en i huvudsak frivillig och ”priviligierad” migration – s k livsstilsmigration. Spaniensvenskarna domineras av ålderspensionärer. Samtidigt har många företag etablerat sig i södra Spanien som ett resultat av en omfattande efterfrågan på service och tjänster. Dessutom har de ökade möjligheterna till att arbeta och studera i Spanien – lokalt eller på distans – lockat svenska studenter och förvärvsarbetande till dessa områden. Den svenska närvaron i södra Spanien märks i ett stort antal föreningar som organiserar svenskar – ibland gemensamt med andra nordbor – kyrkor, svenskspråkig media, ett rikligt utbud av typiskt svenska produkter, svenska namn på affärer och företag och ett frekvent bruk av svenska språket i det offentliga rummet.

Det huvudsakliga intresset i seminariet är riktat mot de svenska gemenskaper som utvecklas i dessa sammanhang. Hur görs svenskarna till en gemenskap och vilka aktörer har inflytande över detta görande? Här diskuteras denna typ av etnisk eller nationell gemenskap som resultatet av ett slags projekt som drivs fram av vissa aktörer. För att förstå hur gemenskapen bland svenskar i södra Spanien är konstruerad måste man således också sätta sig in i detta projekt och hur det opererar bland svenskarna. Det blir bl a viktigt att studera den prägel som projektet sätter på svenskarnas gemenskap och hur den förhåller sig till såväl det svenska som spanska samhället. De ledande frågorna i seminariet är riktat mot hur projektet framställer en svensk gemenskap men också hur en sådan organiseras och formas i projektets verksamhet. Vilka aktiviteter och evenemang används i detta gemenskapsprojekt och hur uttrycks en gemenskap i detta? Vilka gemenskapsbyggande sociala attribut, gränser och förhållanden sätter detta projekt i centrum? I detta syfte används begreppet (semi) diaspora som ett teoretiskt perspektiv där detta gemenskapsprojekt är centralt.

The seminar will be held in Swedish.

April

April 21, 13.00–15.00, B600
Bengt G. Karlsson, Professor, Department of Social Anthropology, Stockholm University, and Dolly Kikon, Postdoctoral researcher, Department of Social Anthropology, Stockholm University

Leaving the Land. Indigenous Migration from the Resource Frontier to the Urban Sprawl in India

In the last decade, large numbers of indigenous youths from the uplands of Northeast India have migrated to metropolitan cities across India as migrant workers. In this presentation we highlight the reasons behind this increasing trend of indigenous migration from Northeast India. Since India’s independence in 1947, the Northeast frontiers of India continues to capture the limits of India’s cultural and political imagination, and has remained peripheral in the national discourse on citizenship, human rights and economic development. While the region and its citizens continue to be refracted through the prism of violence, militarization, backward indigenous tribes, and the extractive resource regime, the increasing trend of migration from this frontier region offers us new insights about the insecurities, desires, and expectations of the indigenous migrants in the global economy in India. What kinds of transformations in the highlands of Northeast India have pushed hundreds of thousands of indigenous people to leave home in search of livelihood options across urban India? What are the daily experiences of vulnerability and marginality these indigenous labor force encounter? In this seminar, we present our multi-sited ethnographic reflections and preliminary notes from our research project in India titled, "The Indian Underbelly: Marginalisation, Migration and State Intervention in the Periphery".

 

April 28, 13.00–15.00, B600
Tania Gonzalez, PhD student, Department of Social Anthropology, Stockholm University

Feelings set in motion. The significance of life courses and care circuits in transnational migration

Drawing on a long-term multi-sited fieldwork carried out in Spain and Bolivia, this presentation will focus on how family ties are maintained and reconfigured in a context of transnational migration with a particular emphasis on the emotional dimension of long-distance relationships. In this regard, life stages and family courses become crucial to an understanding of what it really implies to be distant from your family at some point in your lifetime. Following the theoretical framework of circulation of care developed by Baldassar and Merla (2014), and taking Bolivian migration to Spain as case study, my research attempts to bring into focus middle-aged migrant women and their relatives left behind. By doing so, I aim to highlight the impact of migration on family life courses when concrete caring demands (or caring desires) as well as emotional struggles are confronted. Working with just a few family networks but including the variety of ties within them, I seek to illustrate that these exchanges, rather than static or unidirectional, are subject to ongoing fluctuations and (re)negotiations. In this seminar I will reflect on how my research questions have been reshaped during the course of my fieldwork and present some preliminary findings. Finally, I will discuss our own position as researchers who, whilst investigating, also transit spaces of intimacy. What are the methodological and ethical implications in doing an ethnography of emotions? To what extent should our own feelings as they emerge during fieldwork be explicitly part of our writing or remain secret in our field notes?

May

May 12, 13.00–15.00, B600
Caroline Oliver, Senior Researcher, COMPAS, University of Oxford

Family migration, social rights and impacts on integration in the United Kingdom

In times of austerity the dynamic increase in population mobilities across Europe has been associated with unprecedented pressure on scarce public services and welfare resources. In response, there have been increasing restrictions on access to public services and welfare assistance for some migrants, particularly third country nationals (TCNs). This presentation explores changes to the admission conditions for TCN family migrants joining a spouse, partner, or other family member/s in the United Kingdom, investigating the way in which social policies limiting entitlement to public services and welfare support affect integration outcomes of family migrants. It draws on the findings of IMPACIM, a cross-national research project which considers the scope, nature and extent of restrictions and entitlements in law on access to public services, welfare, jobs, education and civic participation for family migrants, across four EU member states – the UK, Germany, the Netherlands and Spain (http://www.compas.ox.ac.uk/research/welfare/impacim/). The presentation considers the findings from the UK research (although with some comparative reflection) outlining the pattern of restrictions across a variety of public services, before considering evidence of the impacts of such provisions (and of how they are implemented) on family migrants’ integration within the UK. Using evidence from the study, the presentation will debate the potential tensions that exist between contradictory policy aims of restricting access to benefits and services on one hand, and the goal of fostering integration on the other.

 

May 19, 13.00–15.00, B600
Siri Schwabe, PhD student, Department of Social Anthropology, Stockholm University

Palestinian places in Santiago de Chile: Tracing diasporic politics

There is a saying in Chile that every town has a priest, a police officer, and a Palestinian. In the capital of Santiago, the Palestinian (as phenomenon rather than figure) is always present, but its presence hinges on the negotiation of specific spaces and becomes more or less remarkable at particular moments. Based on longterm fieldwork in Santiago, this presentation will take us through four distinct but interconnected Palestinian places in the Chilean capital: the neighborhood of Patronato; an exclusive social club called Club Palestino; the football stadium La Cisterna, and the central avenue popularly known as La Alameda. These are spaces which have not always and exclusively been Palestinian, but which have all at crucial moments and in remarkably varied ways been, as it were, occupied by Palestinianness—a Palestinianness which, in turn, is always in some way political. By way of this field tour, albeit limited and incomplete, I hope to provide both an overall introduction to Palestinian life in Santiago and to consider the relevance and usefulness of looking at a diasporic politics of Palestinianness through a spatial lens.